There is controversy over the discovery of the Falkland Islands and subsequent settlement by Europeans. At various times, the islands had French, British, Spanish and Argentine. Britain reasserted its dominance in 1833, but Argentina retained its claims to the islands. In April 1982, Argentine forces marched on the islands. British administration was re-established two months later at the end of the Falklands War. Almost all falklands voted for the archipelago to remain a British Overseas Territory. The sovereignty status of the Territory is part of an ongoing dispute between Argentina and the United Kingdom. Thatcher, sensing an opportunity to revive her stalled political aspirations, expressed her commitment to defending the Falkland Islands in an interview with British television channel ITN on 5 June. “We have to get these islands back, we have to win them back, because the people there are British. and they still owe allegiance to the Crown and want to be British. As British columnist George Gale wrote after Argentina`s surrender to British forces, “We have seen in these weeks of crisis. a remarkable resurgence of patriotism. It has swelled from the depths of the nation.
We have undergone a fundamental change. The Government of the United Provinces of River Plate attempted to control the islands through trade by granting fishing and hunting rights to Jorge Pacheco in 1824. Pacheco`s partner, Luis Vernet, founded a stopover on the islands in 1826 and a young colony in 1828. He also visited the British consulate in 1826, 1828, and 1829 to obtain confirmation of his business and British protection of his establishment in the event of his return to the islands. : 50  After receiving assurances from the British chargé d`affaires Sir Woodbine Parish, Vernet regularly reported to the British on the progress of his company. Pinedo asked whether war had been declared on Argentina and the United Kingdom; Onslow replied that this had not been the case. Nevertheless, Pinedo, severely undermanned and defeated, left the islands in protest, the Argentine flag being lowered and handed over by British officers. Back on the continent, Pinedo faces a court martial; He was suspended for four months and transferred to the army, although he was recalled to the navy in 1845. Although the Prime Minister was naturally concerned about his stubborn son, the crisis did not affect his subsequent response to the Falklands War.
A rescue team, paid in part out of his own pocket, found the 28-year-old six days after his disappearance. In addition, with regard to the east and west coasts of South America and the adjacent islands, it is agreed that the respective entities will no longer form branches in the future on the parts of the coast south of the parts of the same coast and adjacent islands already occupied by Spain; It is understood that the said subjects retain the freedom to land on the coasts and islands that are located for objects related to their fishing and to build on them huts and other temporary structures that serve only these objects. Some authorities claim that a Portuguese voyage with Amerigo Vespucci on board first sighted the Falkland Islands around 1500 before Ferdinand Magellan visited Cape Horn and circumnavigated the world in 1519-20 – or Magellan, another Portuguese, did. The British later claimed that their own seals, Hawkins or Davis, found the islands uninhabited in the 1590s. A Dutch voyage under Sebald de Weert called them the Sebaldins in 1600. This April marks the 40th anniversary of the start of the Falklands War. What is less known is that this is the 41st anniversary of a final attempt by the British government to grant sovereignty over the islands to the enemy in this war, Argentina. Negotiations were under way in New York to ensure the autonomy of the islands under a long lease agreement from Argentina.
If they had succeeded, they could have avoided war, resolved an archaic imperial conflict, and brought peace to the islanders with their neighbors. The Falklands War of 1982 was the largest and heaviest armed conflict for the sovereignty of the islands. It began after the occupation of South Georgia by Argentine scrap dealers, the number of which included Argentine Marines. However, the UK had also reduced its presence on the islands by announcing the withdrawal of HMS Endurance, the Royal Navy`s icebreaker and the only permanent presence in the South Atlantic. The United Kingdom had also denied the falkland Islands full British citizenship under the British Nationality Act 1981. In 1965, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution calling on Britain and Argentina to hold talks to find a peaceful solution to the conflict. These lengthy discussions continued until February 1982, but on April 2, the Argentine military government invaded the Falkland Islands. This act began the Falkland Islands War, which ended 10 weeks later with the surrender of Argentine forces at Stanley to British troops, who had forcibly reoccupied the islands. Although Britain and Argentina resumed full diplomatic relations in 1990, the issue of sovereignty remained a point of contention.
At the beginning of the 21st century, Britain continued to maintain about 2,000 soldiers on the islands. In January 2009, a new constitution came into force that strengthened the local democratic government of the Falkland Islands and reserved the right of islanders to determine the political status of the Territory. In a referendum in March 2013, islanders voted almost unanimously to remain a British Overseas Territory. After World War II, the issue of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands was transferred to the United Nations when the status of the islands was discussed by the United Nations Decolonization Committee in 1964. Argentina based its claim to the Falkland Islands on the papal bulls of 1493, modified by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), by which Spain and Portugal had divided the New World; on the succession of Spain; close to the islands of South America; and the need to put an end to a colonial situation. Britain based its claim on its “open, continuous and effective possession, occupation and administration” of the islands since 1833 and on its determination to apply to the Falklands the principle of self-determination, as recognized in the Charter of the United Nations. Britain claimed that Argentine rule and control over falklands life, against their will, was far from ending a colonial situation, but would create one. The population of the Falkland Islands is homogeneous and descends mainly from Scottish and Welsh immigrants who settled in the area after 1833.  The falklands-born population is also descended from English and French, Gibraltarians, Scandinavians, and South Americans.
The 2016 census revealed that 43% of residents were born in the archipelago, with foreign-born residents being assimilated to the local culture.